The most serious charge a servicemember faces under the UCMJ is a charge of murder. If you or a servicemember you love has been charged with murder, it’s critical that you have an experienced military law firm by your side.
The skilled and aggressive attorneys at Military Justice Attorneys have over 75 years of combined military justice experience and will zealously fight for you, regardless of where you’re stationed. We have defended servicemen and women facing investigations, trials, and discipline for the most serious offenses under the UCMJ, including murder.
Call us immediately at (844) 334-5459 for a free consultation.
ARTICLE 118, UCMJ—MURDER DEFINED
Any person subject to the UCMJ who, without justification or excuse, unlawfully kills a human being is guilty of murder. There are four ways murder can occur under the UCMJ:
Intent to Kill or Inflict Great Bodily Harm
Act Inherently Dangerous to Another
During Certain Offenses
The difference between premeditated murder and unpremeditated murder comes down to intent. Premeditation means that the thought of taking a life was “consciously conceived and the act or omission by which it was taken was intended.” This requires that the person form a “specific intent to kill someone” and “consideration of the act intended.” Premeditation does not necessarily mean that the murder was planned out long in advance—once a “fixed purpose to kill has been deliberately formed, it is immaterial how soon afterwards it is put into execution.”
Rule for Court-Martial (R.C.M.) 916 provides defenses to murder. These include justification (that the death caused was in the proper performance of a legal duty and is justified and not unlawful), obedience to orders, self-defense, accident, and lack of mental responsibility.
Voluntary intoxication (either by drugs or alcohol) is not a defense but may be admitted to raise reasonable doubt about the existence of actual knowledge, specific intent, willfulness, or premeditation. Voluntary intoxication may reduce premeditated murder to unpremeditated murder, but it will not reduce murder to manslaughter or any other lesser offenses.
The maximum sentence for premeditated murder or murder committed during certain other offenses is death. Both charges carry a mandatory minimum sentence of imprisonment for life with the eligibility for parole. The maximum sentence for unpremeditated murder under Article 118(2) or (3) is such punishment other than death as a court-martial may direct.
Lesser Included Offenses
Lesser-included offenses for murder include manslaughter under Article 119, assaults under Article 128 including assault with intent to commit voluntary manslaughter, negligent homicide under Article 134, and attempts under Article 80.
Protect Your Freedom and Your Military Future
When your life, career, and future are on the line, you need an experienced law firm in your corner. The skilled and assertive attorneys at Military Justice Attorneys have over 75 years of combined military justice experience and will zealously fight for you. We have defended servicemen and women facing investigations, trials, and discipline for the most serious offenses under the UCMJ and will ensure that every avenue of defense is aggressively pursued on your behalf. Call us today at (844) 334-5459 for a free consultation.